Citywide ban on public smoking can impact maternal and fetal health A citywide ban on open public smoking in Colorado resulted in significant decreases in maternal preterm and smoking births, providing the 1st evidence in the U .S. That such interventions can impact maternal and fetal health, according to an article in Journal of Women’s Wellness, a peer-reviewed publication from Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., publishers. This article is available free of charge on the Journal of Women’s Health website at Prenatal contact with tobacco smoke-whether the mother is certainly a smoker or exposure is from environmental resources – is connected with premature births and low birth excess weight. The outcomes of a ‘natural experiment’ that compared outcomes in two towns, one with a smoking ban and one without a ban, demonstrated reductions in both maternal smoking cigarettes and premature births in the populous city with a smoking ban. Related StoriesASH study displays excessive smoking contributes to ongoing poverty in West MidlandsPublic health policies targeting smokers may actually have opposite effect, study findsType 2 diabetes risk grows with active and passive smokingIn this article ‘A Citywide Smoking cigarettes Ban Reduced Maternal Smoking cigarettes and Risk for Preterm, Not Low Birth Excess weight, Births: A Colorado Organic Experiment,’ Robert Lee Web page II, PharmD, MSPH, Julia Slejko, BA, and Anne Libby, PhD, University of Colorado, Skaggs College of Pharmaceutical and Pharmacy Sciences and College of Medicine, Aurora, CO, concluded that a population-level intervention using a smoking cigarettes ban improved maternal and fetal outcomes. ‘Exposure to tobacco smoke is associated with not only death from lung cancer and heart disease but also dangers to developing fetuses,’ says Susan G. Kornstein, MD, Editor-in-Chief of Journal of Women’s Wellness, Executive Director of the Virginia Commonwealth University Institute for Women’s Wellness, Richmond, VA, and President of the Academy of Women’s Wellness. ‘The promising outcomes of this study suggest that pregnant women and their fetuses represent a significant population for further research of health insurance and cost effects of smoke-free ordinances.’.

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Circumcision reduces threat of contracting HIV without lowering sexual pleasure Two studies presented at the 104th Annual Scientific Meeting of the American Urological Association present that adult circumcision reduces the chance of contracting the human immunodeficiency virus and the risk of coital injury without reducing pleasure or leading to sexual dysfunction. The 1st study, by experts in Australia, demonstrates the inner foreskin gets the largest concentration of Langerhans’ cells, which will be the preliminary cellular targets in the sexual transmitting of HIV. After analyzing biopsy samples from 10 uncircumcised and 10 circumcised men, researchers discovered that the inner foreskin has a considerably higher density of Langerhans’ cells than other areas of the foreskin. By removing the internal foreskin, circumcision removes the skin surface area which is most susceptible to HIV illness, reducing not eliminating the risk of contracting HIV. No differences were within epithelial or keratin thickness between your remnant foreskin, internal foreskin or shaft pores and skin. Related StoriesPitt Public Health launches study to market health among aging gay and bisexual men with HIVNew initiative launched to accelerate search for effective HIV vaccineDespite reduced HIV/AIDS deaths, disease persists in South AfricaThe second research still, by researchers in Seattle, WA; Chicago, IL; Winnepeg, Canada; Analysis Triangle, NC; and Kisumu, Kenya, demonstrates circumcised guys had a considerably lower risk for coital accidents compared to uncircumcised males and that there is no difference in sexual function between circumcised and uncircumcised guys. Researchers divided 2,784 individuals from Kisumu, Kenya into two organizations: a control group and a group to end up being circumcised within thirty days of randomization. Complete evaluations were performed at one, three, six, 12, 18 and 24 months after circumcision. Results show that there was no difference in sexual function between the two groups and that the circumcised group reported fewer coital injuries. ‘These are important reports which support the principles that circumcision does not hinder sexual function and that circumcision can be an important component of HIV prevention in sub-Saharan Africa,’ stated Ira D. Sharlip, MD, an AUA spokesman. ‘At the same time, it should be emphasized that circumcision should be coupled with other methods of HIV prevention, such as safe sex and voluntary tests. It isn’t sufficient to depend on circumcision alone to prevent HIV transmission.’.